Indoor Tennis Analysis

Indoor Tennis Analysis

Tennis is a popular racket sport that requires strength, power, control, agility, and good mobility in the extremities and in the spine. Tennis injuries are prevalent and the risk factors of such injuries are multifactorial.


At Balance Core, we specialise in individualised and tailored movement analysis to identify the root cause of your challenges and we work with you to improve on the specific errors. We use a specially-designed space that allows clients to demonstrate and practise their serves, groundstrokes, volleys, and smashes. Equipped with motion cameras and motion analysis software, our physiotherapists can communicate feedback on your movement effectively and easily with video playbacks.

Common Conditions/Injuries Associated with Tennis

Lower back pain

Spinal disc injuries


Spinal facet joint strains


Muscle sprains

Hip pain



Hip impingement


Hip arthritis

Shoulder pain

Rotator cuff impingement


Rotator cuff tendinopathy

Knee pain

Knee meniscus injury


Ligament strain


Knee arthritis


Calf strain or tear

Foot and ankle pain

Ankle sprains




Achilles tendinopathy

Tennis elbow

Wrist and hand pain

Our physiotherapists at Balance Core are well-versed in treating these conditions and can facilitate your return to tennis even after these injuries.

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Common Errors We Have Observed in Tennis


Excessive use of small finger flexor muscles


Excessive tension in wrist bending


Lunging with poor gluteal activation resulting in knee strain and pain


Heavy loading into feet without core activation increasing the risk of repeated stress into the lower limbs

Point of Weight Bearing

Overloading into the forefoot and toes resulting in strain in the lower back, knees, calves, and feet

Balance Strategies

Excessive gripping in the hips and toes for balance instead of proper use of the core resulting in overloading in the groin, calves, and feet

Poor understanding and improper use of core control

Excessive use of outer layer of dynamic trunk muscles instead of deeper postural control muscles

Background Muscle imbalance

Overloaded in some muscles and weak in some areas resulting in an imbalance in force tension and hence pain
man playing tennis

Specific analysis by our physiotherapists at Balance Core can help you identify errors unique to you and decipher the root cause behind these errors. Identifying the errors and the root cause of the errors are the first steps in your road to recovery from injury.

Addressing Underlying Causes of Tennis Injuries

Movement errors and sporting injuries cannot be addressed merely by playing or practising your sport alone. Specific analysis to identify the underlying reasons for the errors and risk factors for injury is essential.


Balance Core Physiotherapy Centre is committed to solving the root cause of problems. Combining our Integrated Balance Approach with a dedicated practice space and modern technology, our physiotherapists will work closely with you to identify your unique issues and design a suitable treatment plan for you in a systematic manner. In doing so, we strive to reduce your existing pain and help you to minimise the risk of your injuries recurring in the future.


Tennis is a fast-paced sport that requires fast reaction speed and quick changes in direction. A slow-motion playback of your movements is particularly helpful and accurate in identifying movement errors that will otherwise be difficult to pick up. Combined with a systematic approach like ours, a structured analysis can be conducted to help you identify problems, understand the root causes, and hence improve your game.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Who Can Benefit from a Tennis Analysis at Balance Core?
    Tennis players of all levels can benefit from professional tennis analysis and physiotherapy. Whether you are new to the sport and looking to improve your game, or a veteran player looking to further enhance your gameplay, a sport-specific motion analysis and tailored rehabilitation and/or performance-enhancement programme is beneficial.
    What Can I Expect from a Tennis Analysis/Tennis Physiotherapy Session?

    For our physiotherapists at Balance Core to conduct a systematic physiotherapy assessment and treatment, a detailed movement analysis must first be conducted. This is conducted in our specially-designed space that allows you to practise serving, volleying, and smashing in a safe indoor space.

    Having a designated space allows our physiotherapists to fully understand your playing style and movement habits during actual gameplay rather than merely simulating your own playing style for the purpose of assessment.

    Your movements will be recorded and your physiotherapist will analyse them with you and provide feedback using a slow-motion playback of your movement with the aid of a motion analysis software. Our physiotherapists will also conduct a systematic assessment based on our Integrated Balance Approach. Based on the combined findings of your specific weight distribution, joint position, flexibility and mobility, muscle performance, functional movement and task-specific efficiency, our physiotherapists can then design a tailored rehabilitative programme to suit your individual needs.

    Interactive approach

    Through a detailed yet streamlined approach, our physiotherapists will be able to determine the root issues in the challenges that you face in your game and design a rehabilitation or performance enhancement plan to facilitate your improvement.

    I Have Joint Degeneration and My Doctor Said I Cannot Play Tennis Again. Can Physiotherapy Help Me?
    Yes! Physiotherapy can help. Degeneration is common and does not automatically mean disability. Most people can continue enjoying their favourite sport despite having evidence of degeneration in their radiological scans (i.e. X-rays, MRIs). It is a misconception that you have to stop all sporting activities because you have degeneration or “wear and tear” in your body. When we play our favourite sport and feel aches and pains in the absence of any sudden twists, falls or acute injuries, the common deduction is that the pain is due to age, degeneration, or unsuitability for the sport. However, most of the time, the discomforts are because of an error in our movement pattern. Dysfunctional movement patterns, often paired with an imbalance in muscular performance and joint mobility, are the more common cause of discomfort. Sometimes, the root cause of the problem is not in the area of pain or discomfort. The wear and tear of a joint is a result of overload and/or the joint being subjected to too much stress. This overload is often caused by problems such as tightness or stiffness in other areas of the body. Clinically, we have found that when healthy movement habits are restored (through manual therapy, exercise therapy and education to improve awareness), the previously strained joint will no longer be overloaded during activities. Hence, at Balance Core, we emphasise the importance of a “whole body analysis” to identify areas of weakness, overload, stiffness and hypermobility to decipher the root cause of the problem. This Integrated Balance Approach and sport-specific analysis will help us and help you to learn the problematic areas that are affecting your performance. A combination of physiotherapy techniques (e.g. joint mobilisation and myofascial release techniques) to reduce pain and improve mobility together with exercise training to improve muscular and movement pattern performance can facilitate your return to sports safely and effectively.
    What Makes Balance Core Golf Analysis and Physiotherapy Unique?
    Our team’s Integrated Balance Approach provides a detailed and systematic analysis of each client’s individual and unique characteristics and movement patterns. Combined with our specially- designed indoor golf facility for demonstrating and practising golf swings and with the aid of modern technology (i.e. slow-motion cameras and analysis software), our physiotherapists are able to provide essential feedback to our clients.
    I Don’t Have Any Pain, How Can I Benefit From a Tennis Analysis/Physiotherapy Session?

    Proper body mechanics and good muscular balance help to prevent injuries. Even if you do not have any pain now, having your movement patterns analysed can help you to understand your body better and make necessary changes to minimise your risk of injuries in the future.


    Often, injuries (especially repetitive strain injuries), stem from long-standing but unrecognised issues. The human body is quick to adapt and tends to compensate by choosing the “easiest way out”. Over time, compensatory actions accentuate and worsen existing errors and imbalances that eventually result in an injury. Thus, it is never too early to identify errors in your golf swing and to correct them.