Scoliosis Treatment in Singapore at Balance Core

Treatment for scoliosis in Singapore ranges from massage, exercise, chiropractic treatment, to bracing and surgery. 3D Balance Management is a form of non-surgical scoliosis treatment we adopt at Balance Core. It’s safe and offers long lasting pain relief and posture correction.

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is commonly known as “curved spine”. The spine looks straight when viewed from the back or the front. It’s called scoliosis when it bends sideways or the spine forms an “S” or “C” shape.


Scoliosis can be broadly classified into 3 categories:



This accounts for about 80% of all scoliosis, and based on when onset occurs, it can be further classified as infantile (0-3 years), juvenile (3-10 years) and adolescent (>10 years) scoliosis



Scoliosis caused by either neurological or myopathic conditions



Scoliosis caused by congenital defects

How do we tell if someone has scoliosis?

Scoliosis may be suspected and if the following postural changes are noticed:

  • Head not centered over body
  • Uneven shoulder height
  • Uneven scapular height or prominence
  • Unsymmetrical gaps between the arms and the trunk
  • Line of spine curved
  • Uneven height of hips

Other common findings include uneven shoulder / trunk rotations, prominent rib cage on one side, or weight bearing more on one leg.


Depending on which level of the spine is affected, the child may present with different posture faults and the back muscles may be affected. For example, if scoliosis occurs at the neck and upper back, the deformity may cause more of a rotation; if it occurs at the low back, the deformity is more of a trunk shift and side bending. Scoliosis is a condition also commonly associated with pelvic obliquity, leg length discrepancy and foot deformities.

Does AIS get worse if left untreated?

Though some curves do not progress over time, most of the scoliosis curves do worsen over time, especially during the growing years of the children.


The 3 most important progressive factors involved in idiopathic scoliosis are:

Maturity of the patient

The younger the child, the more likely the curvature of the spine has to progress

Severity of the curvature at the time of diagnosis

The larger the scoliosis curvature magnitude, the more likely the curve is to progress

Curve pattern

Lumbar spine curves are less often to progress

The severity of scoliosis rarely worsens after adulthood. However pain, reduced lung function and difficulty in certain daily functions are issues some adults may face. Our physiotherapy management in Singapore is also suitable for adults with scoliosis to alleviate back pain and promote optimal functions.

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How is idiopathic scoliosis treated?

Most of the children with scoliosis less than 40 degrees are managed conservatively with exercises and bracing, not by surgery. One of the most crucial factors that determines the outcome of any treatment is to start treatment early. If a spine curve is suspected, parents should take immediate action as the child should be referred for posture screening and X-ray.


Once a scoliosis is diagnosed by a chiropractic doctor, the child should start physiotherapy as soon as possible, either or not braces are needed. The reason is that scoliosis does not only affect a child’s appearance, it also reduces the body’s awareness of normal posture, alters neuromuscular control of the spine, and creates muscle imbalance (affects muscle strength).

What do we do at Balance Core?

Though scoliosis is defined as a side-bent, it always involves some degree of rotation and side-shift of the spine, therefore a 3-dimensional deviation of the spine.


At Balance Core, we adopt a unique 3D Balance Scoliosis Management to treat scoliosis cases. The top scoliosis doctors in Singapore recommend this treatment approach for its comprehensiveness and effectiveness. It helps reduce pain, prevent stiffness in certain body parts, improve functional performance and delay worsening of the curve, and is equally effective and beneficial for both children and adults.


We objectively track our patient’s spinal curvature with two tools:

Scoliosis meter
One of the signs of scoliosis is the presence of a hump noted on forward bending test. With a scoliometer, it allows the measurement of the angle of trunk rotation with a dedicated instrument called a scoliometer. The instrument is placed on the back and used to measure the most leaning point of each hump in degrees.
Posture analysis grid chart
This serves as a resource for explaining to people their symptoms and rationale behind proposed treatment options. With a grid, the improvements can also be seen clearly and objectively, allowing change to be documented accurately over time.

Treatment and management of scoliosis

Surgery is not necessary treatment for all scoliosis cases. If you are looking for scoliosis treatment without surgery in Singapore, physiotherapy is the way to go. At Balance Core, we treat our patients of any age with a unique 3D Balance Scoliosis Management which involves:

  • Detailed 3D postural analysis
  • Functional task analysis
  • Breathing analysis
  • Manual adjustments to reduce misalignment and structural restrictions
  • Corrective bracing (optional)
  • Specific corrective exercises and functional training to achieve optimal balance of the spine, in all 3 dimensions / planes
The average time needed to get familiarized with our treatment approach ranges from 6 to 10 sessions. After which, some follow up sessions may be needed depending on the age of the patient, the severity of the curve, whether or not the individual is suffering from pain, and their specific physical demands in their day-to-day life.


In Singapore, Physiotherapy for scoliosis condition is not yet a routine treatment in the healthcare system. Traditionally when patients are diagnosed with scoliosis at a young age, the child gets to see a chiropractic doctor and the common advice given is to “wait and see” approach to see if the scoliosis progresses. If it worsens, the child may need to wear a brace or the chiropractic doctor may recommend surgery aiming at reducing the abnormal curvature. This reactive approach may lead to wasted opportunity to arrest the root cause of the problem while it is still mild, or lessen the impact even if it is more established.


With proactive physiotherapy treatment aiming at reducing pain and muscular imbalances, and correction of postural or movement errors, the scoliosis condition may not progress into permanent changes.


Yoga and pilates has been proven to offer great health benefits and pain relief to people with scoliosis. Scoliosis being an asymmetrical deformity, responds better to poses that focus on lengthening of the shorted / concave side, and strengthening of the weak / convex side.


With a good understanding of the nature of the scoliosis curve, Yoga and pilates can be used as a form of maintenance exercise for scoliosis.

What about adults with scoliosis?

When treating children / adolescent patients with scoliosis or other types of spine conditions, we expect responses in both the bones and soft tissues. For adult scoliosis patients, as their bones would have reached maturity, we would only expect changes in the soft tissues, such as the muscles, the ligaments, and the joint capsule.


The main goals of treating adults with scoliosis are pain relief, body posture correction / maintenance, and prevention of degenerations. This will help them live a better and more comfortable life. Although due to the degenerative changes of bones, the curvature of the spine may not be possible to correct significantly, small changes to the supporting structures around the spine can make a huge difference in back pain or leg pain experience and quality of life. We encourage adults with scoliosis in the spine to seek early physiotherapy interventions to prevent further degenerations and reduction of movement capacity.


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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Do I need an appointment?
    Yes, our treatment is generally on one to one basis, and you will need to contact us to schedule an appointment.
    Do I need a referral letter from a doctor?
    In Singapore, physiotherapy sessions are regulated by the Allied Health Professions Council, and under the current regulation, this is not a mandatory requirement to obtain a referral from a doctor before seeing a physiotherapist. When the attending physiotherapist deems that the patient needs medical attention, we will refer the client to a relevant doctor for further care.
    Do I need to take an X-ray or MRI scan before seeing a physiotherapist?

    Your physiotherapist will perform a thorough assessment to evaluate the problem and identify the problem’s root course. A detailed explanation will be given so that you can fully understand your issues and the outline of subsequent physiotherapy treatment plans.

    Thereafter, a treatment involving muscle release, specific muscle activation or joint mobilization, etc. will be rendered to provide symptomatic pain relief and address underlying root problems.

    What attire should I wear for my appointment?
    Comfortable clothing – preferably T shirt and shorts. We do provide clothings for you to change into if needed.