The popularity of running as a sport can be traced beyond the 1970s. But a significant increase in the popularity of the sport has been witnessed since the beginning of the 2000s in terms of the running events and the number of runners.
Running offers you one of the best ways of achieving physical fitness and can even earn you some much-needed money if you are a professional athlete.
According to a study physical exercise has been shown to greatly help in reducing leading mortality risk factors such as cancer, diabetes, pulmonary arterial hypertension and stroke. With the reduction of the mortality risk factors you can expect your life expectancy to increase by up to seven years.
Now even if running as a sport and a physical activity comes with numerous benefits one of its major drawbacks is high pain risk. And knee pain is one of the leading issues when it comes to running-related pain. In fact from running-related hurt the share of knee pain is about 50%.
When you are experiencing knee pain it may stop you from running comfortably or even running at all. And having knee pain while still running without diagnosing and treating the issue may lead to a worsening of the condition.
In view of that below are the common running injuries that may cause your knee pain and the available knee pain treatment options.
1. Runner’s Knee
When you are running with knee pain the problem may emanate from the runner’s knee, also known as PFPS. The running ailment may make you discontinue your training or train with difficulties.
It is imperative to know that as a leading and potential cause of your knee pain, runner’s knee is not really a particular injury. The term is general and utilized for describing the pain you feel as a runner when you have any of the problems of the knee.
The pain linked with the runner’s knee is caused because of the tenderness and irritation of the kneecap cartilage. When you are experiencing the condition some of the possible causes may include:
- Overuse of your knee such as performing a lot of high-stress physical exercises such as lunges
- A direct knee hit
- Improper alignment of bones running from your hips to your ankle and knees which results in the putting of excess pressure in some parts.
- Rigid muscles
For knee pain treatment of this particular knee issue below are the options to try.
- Perform lifting of legs and stretching of the hamstring
- When running with knee pain you may even try the use of cannabis creams
- Use pain relievers
- Stop running
2. Meniscus Tear
The injury happens to the cartilage piece that is found between your thigh bone and shinbone. The meniscus plays a vital role in providing the right stability and distribution of weight stress exerted on the joints.
A simple fall or wobbly bend may lead to the tear of the meniscus. The tearing of the meniscus is synonymous with knee bending pain and minor swelling of the knee. By your doctor performing a knee MRI you can know if you suffer from a meniscus tear.
One possible cause of the tearing of the meniscus is excess menisci use, engaging in a lot of twisting, or halting your run abruptly.
The options for treating knee pain while running include:
- Using medication to alleviate the symptoms and pain
- Applying ice and finding time for resting
- Surgery: May be required in extreme cases particularly when the “white zone” is affected. That area of the meniscus does not benefit from sufficient blood and nutrients supply due to a dearth of blood vessels. That makes the healing process slow.
3. ITB Syndrome
For people who are running with knee pain this particular syndrome is also common. The issue often affects runners who participate in long-distance races and the pain is situated outside your knee.
The painful condition results when the ligament connecting the pelvic bone with your shinbone is tighter than normal leading to pressing of the bursa to cause pain.
For treating knee pain while running you can try any of the following options.
- Undertake hips and core strengthening
- Use ice on your knee
- Use medications for pain
- Run but the mileage should be reduced
Another effective way of treating knee pain while running for ITB syndrome is to avoid running for a while.
4. Knee bursitis
The condition refers to the irritation or soreness of the bursae. Bursae are available throughout the body including in the knee joint for providing a cushion for friction reduction between muscles in your joint and or tendons and bones.
Knee bursitis is available in various types with the Pes anserine bursitis being common with runners. If you experience the knee pain type it is because the bursae have been irritated to produce excess fluid. The excess fluid engineers the swelling and pressure exertion on neighboring knee parts.
Some of the possible causes of knee bursitis are:
- Tight muscles of the hamstring
- Improper techniques of training such as an abrupt mileage increase
- A tear of the medial meniscus
If your desire is treating knee pain while running you may try:
- Regularly applying ice on the affected area
- Using medication for anti-inflammation
- corticosteroid injection to provide a faster relief
- Physical therapy
5. Jumper’s Knee
As another popular running injury pain happens in the patellar tendon which is the reason the injury is also often referred to as the Patellar tendinitis. The patellar tendon is designed to provide a connection between your shin and the kneecap. Because of the tendon you can perform the function of wholly extending your knee.
A runner may experience the injury courtesy of extra pressure from tight hamstrings or a sudden extension of the running distance.
The knee pain treatment options available for the jumper’s knee include:
- Putting regular ice on the area affected
- Conditioning and firming your muscles in the thigh
- Using a patella brace for reduction of the pressure put on the tendon
- Discontinuing your running activities until you have recovered fully
Knee pain is common with runners and most can be treated using prescribed medications, icing and resting. But sometimes the pain may only be alleviated by using the service of physiotherapists in Singapore. Physiotherapy provides an intensive, safe and effective treatment option for knee pain just like surgery.